The Fox & Geese family is a big one. There are multiple variants from everywhere with different board topologies and different types of unequal armies. The following images came from http://hong.vlinden.com except when noted.
Here's a 1880s variant called Siege Game:
Another example with the same name from around 1900:
And with a hexagonal board:
Fred Horn sent me a beautiful variant called Avro Eigen Zender Spel:
More old boards in here.